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Home Main Main National Qualification Test National Qualification Test Significance of Qualification System Significance of Qualification System

Significance of Qualification System

definition

  • Broadly
    Ability (Expertise, Technology, Knowledge, etc.) evaluated or recognized according to a certain standard and procedure.
  • Narrowly (Certificate)
    Certificate awarded to a person who has ability (Expertise, Technology, Knowledge, etc.) and has been evaluated or recognized according to a certain standard and procedure.
    In OECD, the concept of qualification defines "Unit of recognized outcome of learning". Here, 'Learning' means official
       one conducted formally at school, college and company, and also informal one conducted informally.

role

  • For Company
       - Serves as a signal to inform the value of human resources like individual vocational competency.
       - Supplements insufficient information for work proceeding ability and reduces the dealing cost of human resources
  • For individual
       - Promotes individual vocational competency development
       - Works as a tool to enhance working condition, or to be employed, to be promoted, or to change of one's occupation

Requisite of Qualification

  • Practicability
  • Fairness
  • Compatibility
  • Elasticity
  • Economical Efficiency

Type of qualification

  • Classification according to functional characteristics
       - Ability recognition type
       - Work-monopoly type
          License-style qualification (Attorney, doctor, etc.)
          Required employment-style qualification (architectural field qualification, etc)
  • Type according to operating body
       - Qualification system is divided into national qualification and civil qualification according to operating body

Classification of

qualifications

Test

numbers

Related

laws

Related

Ministries

Qualifications

(examples)

National

qualification

Skills 527

National

Technical

Qualifications

Act (MOEL)

Ministry of

Employment

and Labor(19

government

agencies)

professional engineer,

master craftsman, engineer,

industrial engineer, craftsman,

word processor, etc.

Professional 162 Individual laws

24 government

agencies

Lawyer (Attorney-at-Law

Act), Doctor (Medical

Service Act), etc.

Private

qualification

Certified

private

99

Framework Act

on Qualifications

(MEST)

12 government

agencies

Internet Information

Search, TEPS, etc.

Non-certified

private

24,267

Framework Act

on Qualifications

(MEST)

Ministray of Education,
Ministray
of Employment
and Labor

Marriage counselor,

stocks analyst, etc.

in business 129

Employment

Insurance

Act (MOEL)

Ministry of Employment

and Labor

Digital master,

customer service, etc.



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