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Home Main Main National Qualification Test National Qualification Test Overview of National Qualification System Overview of National Qualification System

Overview of National Qualification System

definition

  • Broadly
    Ability (Expertise, Technology, Knowledge, etc.) evaluated or recognized according to a certain standard and procedure.
  • Specifically (Certificate)
    Certificate awarded to a person who has ability (Expertise, Technology, Knowledge, etc.) and has been evaluated or recognized according to a certain standard and procedure.
    In OECD, the concept of qualification defines "Unit of recognized outcome of learning". Here, 'Learning' refers to both the official type, conducted formally at school, college or company, and the informal type, conducted informally.

role

  • For Companies
    - Serves as a signal providing information about the value of human resources, for example individual vocational
       competency.
    - Supplements insufficient work history and information related to ability, and reduces costs of human resources
  • For individuals
    - Promotes individual vocational competency development
    - Serves as a tool to enhance working conditions, leads to employment, promotion, or change of occupation

Requisite of Qualification

  • Practicability
  • Fairness
  • Compatibility
  • Elasticity
  • Economical Efficiency

Type of Qualification

  • Classification according to functional characteristics
    - Ability recognition type
    - Work-monopoly type
       License-style qualification (Attorney, doctor, etc.)
       Required employment-style qualification (architectural field qualification, etc)
  • Classification according to operating body
    - Qualification system is divided into national qualification and civil qualification according to operating body

Classification of

qualifications

Test

numbers

Related

Laws

Related

Ministries

Qualifications

(examples)

National

qualification

Skills 527

National

Technical

Qualifications

Act (MOEL)

Ministry of

Employment

and Labor(19

government

agencies)

Professional engineer,

Master craftsman, Engineer,

Industrial engineer, Craftsman,

Word processor, etc.

Professional 162 Individual laws

24 government

agencies

Lawyer (Attorney-at-Law

Act), Doctor (Medical

Service Act), etc.

Private

qualification

Certified

private

99

Framework Act

on Qualifications

(MEST)

12 government

agencies

Internet Information

Search, TEPS, etc.

Non-certified

private

24,267

Framework Act

on Qualifications

(MEST)

Ministry of Education,
Ministry
of Employment
and Labor

Marriage counselor,

stocks analyst, etc.

Business 129

Employment

Insurance

Act (MOEL)

Ministry of Employment

and Labor

Digital master,

Customer service, etc.



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